Improving the social housing project performance in HCMC

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Bài Luận Văn Tiếng Anh Mẫu Chủ Đề: Improving the social housing project performance in HCMC. CHAP 1234
Dịch vụ viết thuê Assignment
Dịch vụ viết thuê Assignment
CHAPTER I 5
INTRODUCTION TO THE STUDY 5
1.1 Background of the study 5
1.2 Statement of problems 6
1.3 Objective of the study 7
1.4 Research question 7
1.5 Significance of the study 8
1.6 Scope of limitation 8
1.7 Organization of Remaining Chapters 8
CHAPTER II 10
LITERATURE REVIEW, HYPOTHESES AND CONCEPTUAL FRAMEWORK 10
2.1 Social housing 10
2.1.1. Social housing concept 10
2.1.2. Social housing related to the government 12
2.1.3. Beneficiaries of social housing 13
2.2 Social housing project 15
2.2.1. Construction project concept 15
2.2.2. Characteristics of social housing construction project 17
2.2.2.1. Fixed position 17
2.2.2.2. Social housing project is unique 17
2.2.2.3. Social housing projects are done outdoors and are limited in time 18
2.2.2.4. Social housing construction projects are related to many different resources 18
2.2.3. Classification of social housing projects 18
2.2.3.1. Quality and scale of investment capital 18
2.2.3.2. Classification by capital source 19
2.2.3.3. Investment form 20
2.3 Social housing project quality 20
2.3.1.  Structural sustainability 20
2.3.2. Usability 21
2.3.3. Amenities service accessibility 22
2.3.4. Infrastructure provision 23
2.4. Investment cost 24
2.4.1. Land cost 24
2.4.2. Administration cost 25
2.4.3. Building cost 26
2.4.4. Maintenance cost 26
2.5 Dweller selling price 27
2.5.1. Market demand 27
2.5.2. Ceiling price policy 28
2.5.2.1. Ceiling price policy projects using government capital 28
2.5.2.2. Social housing ceiling policy built by investors 29
2.5.3. Location 30
2.5.4. Interest rate 31
2.6 Building code and standard 33
2.6.1. Parameter 33
2.6.1.1. Social housing area 33
2.6.1.2. Low-rise adjacent social housing 33
2.6.1.3. The project is built by an individual 33
2.6.2. Material 33
2.6.3. Technical system 34
2.6.4. Sanitary equipment 34
2.7. Project management issues 35
2.7.1. Design quality 35
2.7.2. Construction capability 37
2.7.3. Project manager capability 38
2.7.4. Supervision capability 39
2.8. Boosting policies from government 40
2.8.1. Access to funding endorsement of VND-30 trillion credit package 40
2.8.2. Decrease VAT and land tax 42
2.8.2.1. Decrease VAT 42
2.8.2.2. Land tax 42
2.8.3. Easy administrative approval 43
2.8.4. Public infrastructure provision 44
2.9. Status of social housing in Vietnam 44
CHAPTER III 47
METHODOLOGY 47
3.1. Research framework 47
3.2. Research process 49
3.3. Research Methods 50
3.4. Data collection. 51
3.4.1. Questionnaire design. 51
3.4.2. Determine sample size. 53
3.4.3. Distribute and collect questionnaires. 53
3.5. Process of data analysis 53
3.6. Analysis tools. 53
CHAPTER 4 55
RESEACH RESUILTS 55
4.1. Overview of Ho Chi Minh City 55
4.1.1. Geographical location 55
4.1.2. Topographic 56
4.1.3. Population 57
4.1.4. Social housing development in Ho Chi Minh City 59
4.2. Investing in social housing projects in HCM 61
4.2.1. By State investors 61
4.2.2. By private investors 63
4.2.3. 20% conversion from commercial 64
4.3. Investment cost 64
4.3.1. Land cost 64
4.3.2. Management costs 71
4.4.3. Construction costs 72
4.3.4. Maintenance costs 74
4.4. Dwell selling price 75
4.4.1. Dwell selling price 75
4.4.2. Ceiling price policy 79
4.4.3. Location 81
4.4.4. Interest rate 83
4.5. Building codes and standards 85
4.5.1. Parameter 88
4.5.2. Material 89
4.5.3. Technical system 90
4.5.4. Sanitary equipment 92
4.6. Project management issues 92
4.6.1. Design quality 92
4.6.2. Construction capability 93
4.6.3. PM capability 94
4.6.4. Supervision capability 98
4.7. Boosting policy by goverment 100
4.7.1. Planning policy 100
4.7.2. Financial policy 102
4.7.3. Credit policy 103
4.7.4. Policy of tax 105
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CHAPTER I
INTRODUCTION TO THE STUDY
1.1 Background of the study
Housing provides “basic foundation” to help people live and maintain social activities and physical activity (Byrne and Diamond, 2007). The real estate market has become unstable since the economies of many countries flourished after World War II. Housing has become “expensive” in many countries since the beginning of the 21st century (Haffner and Boumeester, 2010). There is a gap between high-income and low-income groups. For the low-income group, owning a comfortable home becomes one of the dreams beyond their pay.
In all countries of the world, human development is always accompanied by urban development. Urbanization comes from human activities, gathered from activities to distribute food, vegetation, and infrastructure to create a better environment for human life. Moreover, the investment in housing expansion is a symbol of urban development because housing is the essential foundation for social and economic development for all people (Byrne and Diamond, 2007). .
With the rapid growth of cities, more and more people are moving to these urban areas and the consequence of this migration process is the increase in population in cities. Housing is one of the basic needs of human life, equally important to the role of food, housing provides private and safe residence for people (Sheng and Mehta, 2008). As the number of people living in the city becomes crowded and competitive, housing demand will increase, then the gap between demand and home supply will widen if the pace of construction is slower than demand growth. Young households and low-income households have lower competitiveness and may be able to become homeless because they have difficulty entering the housing market. If the situation of homeless households worsens, urban development cannot continue to be stable.
In order to keep the stability and sustainable development of the city, the government must take measures to help young families and low-income families enter the housing market. Sheng and Mehta point out that home ownership is a “human right”; no government can ignore this important right of citizens (Sheng and Mehta, 2008).
In Vietnam, the objectives of housing policy are based on the first Housing Law of 1991, which stipulates that all Vietnamese citizens have legal and legitimate rights to buy houses. This statement is reaffirmed in the 2011 National Housing Development Strategy, which states: “The basic human right is to have a suitable and safe accommodation. This legitimate housing demand is necessary conditions to improve the quality of human resources as part of Vietnam’s industrialization and modernization. “
Vietnam is in the stage of integration and development, urbanization is increasing rapidly, leading to a clear differentiation between the poor and the rich in urban areas. Low-income urban residents are confronted with the problem of lack of housing or in shabby, cramped and overcrowded residential areas because they have no economic capacity to improve themselves his stay. Therefore, finding a synchronous solution on policy, design and construction of residential areas, social housing for low-income people is currently one of the important issues in Vietnamese cities.
1.2 Statement of problems
In the mobility of accommodation and type of housing, there are many ways to implement this mobility, depending on economic, social, psychological and special conditions, related to policies, administrative and administrative decisions. There are accommodation changes that are decided by the people themselves (voluntarily). But there are also movements, carrying out voluntary accommodation in a involuntary way, which is under pressure (mandatory) of management and administrative decisions in urban areas. Resettlement can classify this type of social mobility as a compulsory accommodation (Trinh Duy Luan. 2009). Housing for low-income people is a topical issue because currently the results of housing programs cannot reach low-income people (Nguyen Quang Vinh, 2014).
In order to ensure the lives of people in Ho Chi Minh City, to help low-income people to stabilize their lives, social housing programs have prioritized to meet the housing needs for income-strata populations. low. The number of social housing has increased significantly in both construction floor area and number of apartments. In 2018, the whole city built 44,701 social apartments. The results of social housing development have shown great efforts of the Ho Chi Minh City government. However, compared to the development targets and quality of houses under Ho Chi Minh City’s Social Housing Development Program approved by the Prime Minister, the target has not yet been reached.
To examine the social housing quality through various kinds of social housing project provision in Ho Chi Minh City, including: State investors, private investors and 20% conversion of commercial housing projects., this study tries to find out factors influencing on the quality of social housing project in Ho Chi Minh City, then making recommendations to improve it.
1.3 Objective of the study
– Research object: Social housing development in Ho Chi Minh City area.
– Scope of research on content: The thesis focuses on researching content of social housing development including problems
(i) Evaluating social housing development, social housing development plans in Ho Chi Minh City;
(ii) Planning to allocate (define) land fund for social housing development in Ho Chi Minh City;
(iii) Social housing management, which refers to the management of the sale, rental, lease-purchase of social housing and the appraisal of the selling price, rental price, rental price of low-income housing; study criteria for evaluating low-income housing development results in Ho Chi Minh City in terms of quantity;
(iv) Criteria for evaluating social housing development results. Researching factors affecting the development and quality of social housing.
1.4 Research question
The specific research questions are reported below:
– What are factors influencing on the quality of social housing project in Ho Chi Minh City?
– What are recommendations to improve the quality of social housing project in Ho Chi Minh City?
1.5 Significance of the study
To evaluate Social housing project quality, this study aims to propose a proper dimension of Social housing project by 3 provision domains, then, it contributes to give Ho Chi Minh city developers more attention to Social housing as well as assisting them recommendations to improve the quality of Social housing project.
1.6 Scope of limitation
Space limit: Research is conducted in Ho Chi Minh City
Time limit: The study was conducted from January 2017 to December 2018
Content limitation: The study only focuses on issues surrounding social housing in Ho Chi Minh city
1.7 Organization of Remaining Chapters
This study divides into six chapters.
Chapter I: The chapter provides an overview of the background of the study, problem statement, purpose of the study, significance of the study, research questions, and assumptions of the study. The chapter ends with various term definitions.
Chapter II: This chapter includes an overview of social housing, project quality, social housing project quality with sub-items. This follow with the review of the sub-items practices, important to measure a social housing project quality. In addition, this chapter also discusses the empirical studies of support items to clarify social housing project quality. Finally, it ends with the hypotheses, conceptual framework of this study and conclusion of this chapter.
Chapter III: This chapter describes the selection of subjects, data collection, and respondents’ profile.
Chapter IV: This chapter reports the analysis of the data in detail starting from the preliminary examination of data until the results of the analysis. Together, it presents the profiles of the respondents, goodness of measures and descriptive statistics of the respondents. It follows with the findings or results of the study. These findings include descriptive analysis of all the independent and dependent variables, reliability, validity, confirmatory factor analysis and structural equation modeling analysis.
Chapter V: This chapter discusses the recapitulation of the study’ findings and, provides interpretation related to the research hypotheses. The chapter ends with the review of the findings.
Chapter VI: Lastly, this final chapter provides summarization of the study. Discussion includes conclusions related to the research hypotheses, contribution and implications of the study, limitations, and the recommendation for future research.
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