Factors Contributing towards Achievement of Higher Education in Vietnam

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CASE: HIGHER EDUCATION IN AND CAREER DEVELOPMENT
(Factors Contributing towards Achievement of Higher Education in Vietnam)
Viết thuê luận văn tiếng anh uy tín 2024
Viết thuê luận văn tiếng anh uy tín 2024
INTRODUCTION:
A study by the Chronicle of Higher Education and American Public Media’s Marketplace (2012) suggested that earning a degree in today’s job market allows a person to apply for positions that he or she may not be able to apply for without a degree. Earning a degree gives a person more opportunities than a person without a degree. In this current job market, a degree is very valuable. In Vietnam, traditionally, higher education has always been highly regarded, stated by Truong My Hoa (2016), former vice president of Vietnam. The government of Vietnam expects its higher education system to be advanced by modern standards and highly competitive in international terms (Harman, et al 2010).
Research problem:
Advanced societies are in a process of transformation from industrial to knowledge societies, i.e. social realities are being shaped by knowledge-based processes and reflective enlightenment. Society and the economy are concentrating more and more around knowledge (Peer Pasternak et al, 2015). And according to Dr. Allen (2007) Higher education, theoretically, will enable individuals to expand their knowledge and skills, express their thoughts clearly in speech and in writing, grasp abstract concepts and theories, and increase their understanding of the world and their community.
In Vietnam, despite the tradition of high regard for education, as the economy is growing rapidly, the workforce remains reliant on the availability of unskilled labor (Harman, et al 2010). The rate of high school students in Vietnam advancing to colleges has dropped significantly as stated by Pro. Tran Xuan Nhi, (2016) the deputy minister of education, in a recent press interview.
The purpose of this paper is to understand how higher education can contribute to a person’s career development and identify the elements which restrict a person from obtaining higher education in the Province of Bac Ninh, the hub of industrial parks. The results of this research, aim to be used as a guide for high school students in making one of the most important lifetime decisions. The research also aims to be a reference for the local government in order to have a transparent view of the impact of education level in the local job market.
Research Objectives:
The main objective of this research is to understand how higher education can contribute to a person’s career development. Therefore, I would like to be able to achieve the following objectives:
1. To understand the relationship of higher education to career development in Vietnam
2. To identify the elements which hinder high school students from obtaining higher education after graduating from high school.
3. To identify the differences in career development of students with high school diplomas and college degrees.
In order to achieve the above objectives, the following research questions were posed for this study:
1. Is there a relationship between higher education and career development?
2. Do elements such as motivations, family influence, affordability affect the students’ decision in obtaining higher education.
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3. Are there differences in career development of students with high school diploma and college degrees?
Theoretical Framework:
Figure 1. Theoretical framework.
Definition of key terms:
• Higher education: education beyond high school, especially at a college or university (google, 2017)
• Career development: implementation of action steps towards your career goals ( Career advice, 2017)
• Motivation: the general desire or willingness of someone to do something (google, 2017)
• Opportunity: a set of circumstances that makes it possible to do something (google 2017)
• Influence: the capacity to have an effect on the character, development, or behavior of someone or something, or the effect itself (google, 2017)
• Affordability: The extent to which something is affordable, as measured by its cost relative to the amount that the purchaser is able to pay (Wiktionary, 2017)
Delimitation and limitations of the study:
Reference:
• The role of higher education in career development: employer’s perception (2012, December).  Retrieved from: https://www.google.com/url?sa=t&rct=j&q=&esrc=s&source=web&cd=1&cad=rja&uact=8&ved=0ahUKEwjTqa-F5YXVAhUJKZQKHYkpCkAQFgghMAA&url=http%3A%2F%2Fwww.chronicle.com%2Fitems%2Fbiz%2Fpdf%2FEmployers%2520Survey.pdf&usg=AFQjCNH1JUkFaBYSDfr24WctorFBjwRpHg
• Pasternack, P., Bloch, R., Gellert, C., Hölscher, M., Kreckel, R., Lewin, D., … & Schildberg, A. (2007). Current and Future Trends in Higher Education.”.
• Harman, G., Hayden, M., & Nghi, P. T. (2010). Higher education in Vietnam: reform, challenges and priorities. In Reforming higher education in Vietnam(pp. 1-13). Springer Netherlands.
• Allen, H. (2012). Why is Higher Education Important. Jesus Christ, Bible Study Tools, Online Christian Living Resources.
• Quyen Quyen (2016). Nhiều học sinh từ chối thi đại học là tín hiệu đáng mừng. Retrieved from: http://news.zing.vn/nhieu-hoc-sinh-tu-choi-thi-dai-hoc-la-tin-hieu-dang-mung-post648870.html
• Higher education [Def. 1]. (n.d.). Google Online. Retrieved July 14, 2017, from https://www.google.com/webhp?sourceid=chrome-instant&ion=1&espv=2&ie=UTF-8#q=define+Higher+education
• Career development [Def. 1]. (n.d.).  career advice. Retrieved July 14, 2017, from http://www.careers-advice-online.com/what-is-career-development.html
• Motivation [Def. 1]. (n.d.). Google Online. Retrieved July 14, 2017, from https://www.google.com/webhp?sourceid=chrome-instant&ion=1&espv=2&ie=UTF-8#q=define+motivation
• Opportunity [Def. 1]. (n.d.). Google Online. Retrieved July 14, 2017, from https://www.google.com/webhp?sourceid=chrome-instant&ion=1&espv=2&ie=UTF-8#q=define+ opportunity
• Influence [Def. 1]. (n.d.). Google Online. Retrieved July 14, 2017, from https://www.google.com/webhp?sourceid=chrome-instant&ion=1&espv=2&ie=UTF-8#q=define+ influence
• Affordability [Def. 1]. (n.d.).  Wikipedia. Retrieved July 14, 2017, from https://en.wiktionary.org/wiki/affordability
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